Wednesday, February 24, 2021

Code of Federal Regulations

Sindelar, Christine (2021). Compliance standards for service providers are listed in the Code of Federal Regulations. (Reprinted from Federal Register (2021), Retrieved February 23, 2021 from


CFR data is current as of February 22, 2021


The Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) is a currently updated version of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).

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Sindelar, Christine (2018). Applies to in-game service providers. (Reprinted from 115th Congress. H.R. 4943 (2018), Retrieved February 23, 2021 from

Summary: H.R.4943 - 115th Congress (2017-2018)

There is one summary for H.R.4943. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Introduced in House (02/06/2018)

Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data Act or the CLOUD Act

This bill amends the federal criminal code to specify that an electronic communication service (ECS) or remote computing service (RCS) provider must comply with existing requirements to preserve, backup, or disclose the contents of an electronic communication or noncontent records or information pertaining to a customer or subscriber, regardless of whether the communication or record is located within or outside the United States.

An ECS or RCS provider may challenge a domestic warrant that compels disclosure of the contents of an electronic communication if:

  • the customer or subscriber is not a U.S. citizen or national, lawful permanent resident, corporation, or other unincorporated entity;
  • the customer or subscriber does not reside in the United States; and
  • the required disclosure creates a material risk that the provider violates the laws of a foreign government with which the United States has in effect an executive agreement on data access.

In response to an order from a foreign government with which the United States has an executive agreement on data access, an ECS or RCS provider may:

  • intercept or disclose the contents of an electronic communication, and
  • disclose the contents of a stored electronic communication or noncontent records or information pertaining to a subscriber or customer.

It establishes a framework to allow the United States to enter into executive agreements with foreign governments to govern data access. To be valid, an executive agreement must meet certain requirements, including that the foreign government affords robust procedural privacy protections and adopts minimization procedures.

This bill does not preclude a foreign authority from obtaining assistance in a criminal investigation or prosecution

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Tuesday, February 23, 2021

Federal Trade Commission Act

Sindelar, Christine (2010). Unfair competition is prohibited in the United States. (Reprinted from Wilson, Woodrow. Federal Trade Commission Act (1914), Retrieved February 23, 2021 from

Mission: Competition | Consumer Protection
Cite Law:

15 U.S.C. §§ 41-58, as amended

The Federal Trade Commission Act is the primary statute of the Commission. Under this Act, as amended, the Commission is empowered, among other things, to (a) prevent unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce; (b) seek monetary redress and other relief for conduct injurious to consumers; (c) prescribe rules defining with specificity acts or practices that are unfair or deceptive, and establishing requirements designed to prevent such acts or practices; (d) gather and compile information and conduct investigations relating to the organization, business, practices, and management of entities engaged in commerce; and (e) make reports and legislative recommendations to Congress and the public. A number of other statutes listed here are enforced under the FTC Act.

FTC Complaint Form | Report Now

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Tuesday, January 12, 2021

Bill of Rights

Madison, James et al. (1789). United States citizens Bill of Rights Amendments to the Constitution of the United States. (Reprinted from Constitution (1789), Retrieved January 12, 2021 from

The United States Bill of Rights

Transcription of the 1789 Joint Resolution of Congress Proposing 12 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution

Congress of the United States begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.

THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.

RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.

ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.

Article the first... After the first enumeration required by the first article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of Representatives shall amount to two hundred; after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor more than one Representative for every fifty thousand persons.

Article the second... No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

Article the third... Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Article the fourth... A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Article the fifth... No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Article the sixth... The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Article the seventh... No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Article the eighth... In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

Article the ninth... In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Article the tenth... Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Article the eleventh... The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Article the twelfth... The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.


Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, Speaker of the House of Representatives
John Adams, Vice-President of the United States, and President of the Senate
John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives.
Sam. A Otis Secretary of the Senate

Level of Description:Item
Type(s) of Archival Materials:Textual Records
The creator compiled or maintained the series between:1789 - 2013
This item documents the time period:9/25/1789 - 9/25/1789
Other Title(s):1 Stat. 97First Ten Amendments to U.S. Constitution
General Note(s):
Articles 3 to 12, ratified December 15, 1791, by three-fourths of the State Legislatures, constitute the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution. Article 2 was finally ratified on May 7, 1992, as the twenty-seventh Amendment to the Constitution. Article 1 was never ratified.
Access Restriction(s):Unrestricted
Use Restriction(s):Unrestricted

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Sunday, January 29, 2017

European Union Compliance Notice

(Reprinted from Blogger (2017) Retrieved January 29, 2017 from

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